January 19th, 2011
In addition to Military and Legal approaches to drug testing there are:
Business approach – this approach deals with drug abuse in the workplace. A company policy should be all-inclusive and comprehensive; strict guidelines should be noted for a failed or invalid test; a convenient for everybody procedure should be established – the one that will get the employer what they need and also will observe the privacy of the employees. There is a direct correlation between the performance of an employee and drug abuse. The costs of drug testing should be compared with the costs that can be endured by the company when an employee does not perform to full strength, also safety and security issues may be present.
Security approach – this approach is somewhat similar to the business one, but the matter of fact presented in the way that highlights the danger and the risk that drug users impose on the company and co-workers’ safety. This approach requires an immediate and permanent dismissal; it involves random drug testing and random search, utilizing trained dog patrols and undercover agents, etc. It comes up to be a pretty expensive procedure – to actively search for drugs, and needless to say, this approach is not the most popular one.
Medical approach – this approach involves treating employees that have failed a drug test through a program known as EAP (Employee Assistance Program) which offers treatments and services of professional rehabilitation. In contrast with the security approach, which treats a failed drug test as a crime, the medical approach it is viewed as a disease or a bad habit, and people are assisted in “getting back on track.”